Download E-books Mary Douglas: An Intellectual Biography PDF

By Richard Fardon

This can be the 1st complete size account of the lifestyles and ideas of Mary Douglas, the British social anthropologist whose courses span the second one 1/2 the 20 th century.
Richard Fardon covers Douglas' relatives historical past, and the pervasive impression of her catholic religion on her writings ahead of delivering an research of 2 of her such a lot influential works; Purity and Danger (1966) and Natural Symbols (1970). the ultimate part bargains with Douglas' extra arguable writings within the fields of economics, intake, faith and probability research in modern societies. all through, Fardon highlights the centrality of Douglas' function within the heritage of anthropology and the discipline's fight to accomplish relevance to modern, western societies.

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Download E-books Evariste Galois 1811-1832 (Vita Mathematica) PDF

By Laura Toti Rigatelli

Evariste Galois' brief lifestyles used to be lived opposed to the turbulent history of the recovery of the Bourbons to the throne of France, the 1830 revolution in Paris and the accession of Louis-Phillipe. This new and scrupulously researched biography of the founding father of sleek algebra sheds a lot gentle on a existence led with nice depth and a demise met tragically lower than darkish situations. Sorting hypothesis from documented truth, it bargains the fullest and such a lot exacting account ever written of Galois' lifestyles and paintings. It took greater than seventy years to completely comprehend the French mathematician's first mémoire (published in 1846) which formulated the well-known "Galois concept" in regards to the solvability of algebraic equations by means of radicals, from which crew concept could persist with. Obscurities in his different writings - mémoires and various fragments of extant papers - persist and his principles problem mathematicians to this present day. therefore students will welcome these chapters dedicated in particular to explicating all elements of Galois' paintings. A accomplished bibliography enumerates stories via and likewise these in regards to the mathematician.

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Download E-books We Are All Stardust: Scientists Who Shaped Our World Talk about Their Work, Their Lives, and What They Still Want to Know PDF

By Stefan Klein

“What distinguishes scientists, on your eyes?”—Stefan Klein

“First and greatest, curiosity.”—Roald Hoffmann, Nobel Prize–winning chemist

When Stefan Klein, an acclaimed journalist, sits all the way down to speak with 18 of the world’s best scientists, he unearths they’re pushed by way of, especially, interest. once they speak about their paintings, they flip to what’s subsequent, to what they nonetheless desire to find. they usually see proposal all over the place: From the activities vehicle that physicist Steven Weinberg says helped him on his quest for “the concept of every little thing” to the jazz musicians who gave psychologist Alison Gopnik new perception into elevating kids, they show how their paradigm-changing paintings entwines with their lives outdoor the lab. We pay attention from striking ordinary and social scientists, including:

  • Evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins on ego and selflessness
  • Primatologist Jane Goodall on chimpanzee behavior
  • Neuroscientist V. S. Ramachandran on consciousness
  • Geographer Jared Diamond on probability in history
  • Anthropologist Sarah Hrdy on motherhood
  • And cosmologist Martin Rees on how “ultimately we ourselves are stardust.”

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Download E-books Greek Science of the Hellenistic Era: A Sourcebook (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World) PDF

By Georgia L. Irby-Massie

All of us are looking to comprehend the realm round us, and the traditional Greeks have been the 1st to attempt and accomplish that in a fashion we will accurately name medical. Their idea and writings laid the basic foundations for the revivals of technological know-how in medieval Baghdad and renaissance Europe. Now their paintings is obtainable to all, with this necessary advent to c.100 clinical authors lively from 320 BCE to 230 CE.
The e-book starts off with an overview of a brand new socio-political version for the advance and decline of Greek technological know-how, by way of 11 chapters that disguise the most disciplines:
* the technology which the Greeks observed as primary - mathematics
* astronomy
* astrology and geography
* mechanics
* optics and pneumatics
* the non-mathematical sciences of alchemy, biology, drugs and 'psychology'.
Each bankruptcy comprises an available creation at the origins and improvement of the subject in query, and the entire authors are set in context with short biographies.

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Download E-books Light Is a Messenger: The Life and Science of William Lawrence Bragg PDF

By Graeme K. Hunter

Light is a Messenger, is the 1st biography of William Lawrence Bragg, who used to be merely 25 whilst he gained the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics-the youngest individual ever to win a Nobel Prize. It describes how bragg chanced on how one can use X-rays to figure out the association of atoms in crystals and his pivotal function in constructing this method to the purpose that the buildings of the main complicated molecules recognized to man-the proteins and nucelic acids-could be solved. even though Bragg's Nobel Prize used to be for Physics, his study profoundly affected chemistry and the hot box of molecular biology, of which he turned a founding determine. This publication explains how those innovative medical occasions happened whereas Bragg struggled to emerge from the shadow of his father, Sir William Bragg, and amidst a career-long competition with the intense American chemist, Linus Pauling.

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Download E-books The Britannica Guide to 100 Most Influential Scientists (Britannica Guides) PDF

Who're an important women and men whose notions and theories have replaced the area? whilst Isaac Newton claimed that he merely observed additional simply because he stood at the shoulders of giants, he alluded to the lengthy record of geniuses that got here earlier than him. The historical past of technological know-how is the tale of significant discoveries, flashes of instinct that experience replaced the way in which humans see the realm, labor and hard calculation within the laboratory. The Britannica consultant to a hundred so much Influential Scientists is a party of the lives and paintings of the boys and ladies who've replaced the way in which we glance on the international, the universe, and ourselves. comprises contributions from best identify scientists and writers such James Gleick on Richard Feynman; Michio Kaky on Einstein and Sir Harold Kroton at the Fulleriene (for which he gained an Nobel Prize). The Britannica advisor to a hundred so much Influential Scientists is brought by way of John Gribbin. he's the writer of approximately a hundred well known technological know-how books, together with the best-selling looking for SCHRODINGER'S CAT. He has acquired awards for his writing either within the usa and in Britain. The holder of a PhD in astrophysics from the collage of Cambridge, he nonetheless keeps hyperlinks with learn as a traveling Fellow in Astronomy on the college of Sussex, and used to be a member of a crew there that measured the age of the Universe. whereas nonetheless a pupil, he acquired the celebrated Annual Award of the Gravity examine origin within the usa, the single scholar, and the 1st Englishman operating in England, ever to obtain this award.

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Download E-books The Life and Times of A.D. Blumlein (Iee History of Technology) PDF

By R.W. Burns

Regardless of his unintentional dying in June 1942 on the age of 38, Alan Dower Blumlein used to be undoubtedly one of many century s such a lot artistic engineers and filed a few one hundred forty patents. He was once the motive force and proposal at the back of an enormous variety of primary strategies within the fields of radar, electronics and sound recording, among which he held might be the landmark patent permitting stereo sound. unusually, till 1999 there have been no biographies of this striking guy. The IEE is proud to rectify this through booklet of this scholarly remedy of Blumlein's lifestyles, which incorporates a foreword by means of his eldest son.

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Download E-books Bones for Barnum Brown: Adventures of a Dinosaur Hunter PDF

Roland Thaxter poultry, universally and affectionately recognized to neighbors and co-workers as R. T., completed a type of Horatio Alger luck within the clinical global of dinosaur reports. pressured to drop out of faculty at a tender age by way of ailing future health, he used to be a cowboy who traveled from task to activity by means of bike till he met Barnum Brown, Curator of Vertebrae Paleontology on the American Museum of average background in ny and a pacesetter within the research of dinosaurs. starting in 1934, fowl spent a long time as an worker of the museum and as Brown's right-hand guy within the box. His chart of the Howe Quarry in Wyoming, an enormous sauropod boneyard, is among the most complicated paleontological charts ever produced and a piece of paintings in its personal correct. His crowning success was once the invention, assortment, and interpretation of giant Cretaceous dinosaur trackways alongside the Paluxy River close to Glen Rose and at Bandera, Texas. A trackway from Glen Rose is on express on the American Museum and on the Texas Memorial Museum in Austin. His interpretation of those trackways verified that an enormous carnosaur had pursued and attacked a sauropod, that sauropods migrated in herds, and that, opposite to then-current trust, sauropods have been capable of help their very own weight out of deep water. those behavioral interpretations expected later dinosaur reviews via no less than decades.

From his first assembly with Barnum Brown to his discoveries at Glen Rose and Bandera, this very human account tells the tale of Bird's awesome paintings on dinosaurs. In a vibrantly descriptive sort, chicken recorded either the depth and pleasure of box paintings and the cautious and painstaking element of laboratory reconstruction. His memoir provides a bright photograph of camp existence with Brown and the internal workings of the recognized American Museum of usual historical past, and it bargains a brand new and humanizing account of Brown himself, one of many giants of his field.

Bird's memoir has been supplemented with a transparent and concise advent to the sector of dinosaur learn and with beneficiant illustrations which delineate some of the sorts of dinosaurs.

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Download E-books Nuclear Forces: The Making of the Physicist Hans Bethe PDF

By Silvan S. Schweber

On the 50th anniversary of Hiroshima, Nobel-winning physicist Hans Bethe referred to as on his fellow scientists to prevent engaged on guns of mass destruction. What drove Bethe, the pinnacle of Theoretical Physics at Los Alamos throughout the ny undertaking, to give up the weaponry he had as soon as labored so tirelessly to create? that's one of many questions spoke back by means of Nuclear Forces, a riveting biography of Bethe’s youth and improvement as either a scientist and a guy of precept.

As Silvan Schweber follows Bethe from his adolescence in Germany, to laboratories in Italy and England, and directly to Cornell college, he indicates how those differing environments have been mirrored within the type of physics Bethe produced. the various younger quantum physicists within the Nineteen Thirties, together with Bethe, had Jewish roots, and Schweber considers how Liberal Judaism in Germany is helping clarify their amazing contributions. A portrait emerges of a guy whose technique for staying on best of a deeply hierarchical box was once to take on merely these difficulties he knew he may possibly clear up.

Bethe’s emotional maturation was once formed via his father and through girls of Jewish heritage: his overly possessive mom and his spouse, who may later function a moral touchstone in the course of the turbulent years he spent designing nuclear bombs. Situating Bethe within the context of some of the groups the place he labored, Schweber presents a whole photograph of prewar advancements in physics that modified the trendy global, and of a scientist formed via the exceptional ethical dilemmas these advancements in flip created.

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Download E-books Saunders Mac Lane: A Mathematical Autobiography PDF

By Saunders Mac Lane

Saunders Mac Lane was once a rare mathematician, a committed instructor, and an outstanding citizen who cared deeply in regards to the values of technological know-how and schooling. In his autobiography, he provides us a glimpse of his "life and times," blending the hugely own with expert observations. His reminiscences carry to lifestyles a century of notable accomplishments and tragedies that motivate and teach. Saunders Mac Lane's lifestyles covers approximately a century of mathematical advancements. throughout the prior a part of the 20th century, he participated within the interesting happenings in Göttingen---the Mecca of arithmetic. He studied lower than David Hilbert, Hermann Weyl, and Paul Bernays and witnessed the cave in of a very good culture below the political strain of a brutal dictatorship. Later, he contributed to the extra summary and basic mathematical viewpoints built within the 20th century. possibly the main impressive accomplishment in the course of his lengthy and remarkable profession used to be the improvement of the idea that of different types, including Samuel Eilenberg, and the construction of a concept that has extensive functions in numerous parts of arithmetic, specifically topology and foundations. He used to be additionally a prepared observer and lively player within the social and political occasions. As a member and vp of the nationwide Academy of technological know-how and an consultant to the management, he exerted enormous effect on technology and schooling rules within the post-war interval. Mac Lane's autobiography takes the reader on a trip during the most vital milestones of the mathematical global within the 20th century.

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