Download E-books Historical Dictionary of Azerbaijan by Tadeusz Swietochowski (1999-10-06) PDF

By Tadeusz Świętochowski, Brian C. Collins

The background of Azerbaijan is a chronology of its domination. Its newest ruler used to be the USSR, yet Azerbaijan has been in the barriers of many conquerers from the Medians to Alexander the good to the Arabs and Turks. during the lengthy heritage of overseas occupations, the Azeris have preserved a countrywide identification and so they have periodically generated neighborhood leaders. With the hot get a divorce of the USSR, Azerbaijan can once more assert itself as an autonomous kingdom. Strategically situated and of monetary curiosity to different international locations, Azerbaijan can't be neglected. The Azeris are united via their language, Azeris, their faith, Islam, and a typical historical past. besides the fact that, because the Russian conquest of northern Azerbaijan within the first half the 19th century, they've been divided through politics. Azerbaijan is a divided land; its cultural obstacles stretch past the geopolitical ones in order that a wide section of what was Azerbaijan is at the moment a part of Iran, and extra Azerbaijanis reside inside Iran (in Iranian Azerbaijan) than within the autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan.The modern background of Azerbaijan has been a sophisticated tale. there's an on-going clash with neighboring Armenia which has formed not just overseas coverage and kinfolk, however the family politics of the kingdom. these politics were extra advanced by means of Western curiosity in Azerbaijani off-shore oil deposits.Given its historical past, Azerbaijan is unquestionably no longer the simplest state to explain. This ancient dictionary does a very good task regardless of the problems. It presents entries on folks, associations and occasions, with a few emphasis on contemporary sessions, yet with a view of the earliest heritage. There are different entries at the vital facets of the economic climate, society, faith and tradition. additionally important are an creation for context, and a beneficial chronology. A decide on bibliography of works in English and different languages completes the quantity.

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Download E-books Violence in Europe: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives PDF

By Sophie Body-Gendrot (auth.), Sophie Body-Gendrot, Pieter Spierenburg (eds.)

SOFTCOVER EDITION

Has violence replaced over the centuries? Has it usually held a similar meanings for us?

Will it usually be a given in society?

Taking the sociocultural lengthy view, Violence in Europe analyzes the superiority and position of violence—from road crime to terrorist assaults, murder to genocide—in the evolution of human and nationwide habit. The editors and 14 colleagues in historical past, anthropology, sociology, and psychology specialise in Northern and Western Europe, studying centuries of violent phenomena, from the cultural common sense of the center a long time to today’s football riots and defense signals. The participants’ exam of social buildings (honor codes, type and gender roles) and public ambivalence (acceptance, abhorrence, fascination) relating to violence sheds wanted gentle on present dynamics in legislation enforcement, political platforms, and what many have termed "the civilization of violence."

Findings from Britain, France, eire, Belgium, and Scandinavia explore:

  • The paradoxes of ethnic violence and insider/outsider considering in an more and more multicultural world.
  • Trends in interpersonal violence in the course of wartime and peacetime.
  • The gendering of violence, from early French marital legislation to London’s underground nightlife.
  • The progress of towns: modernization, clash, aggression.
  • Modern prevention and surveillance concepts: powerful ideas, complicating the matter, or a few heart floor?

Reflecting leading edge tools of analysis and interpretation, Violence in Europe is thought-provoking and instructive for researchers and scholars in psychology and criminology. And with the mounting worldwide presence of violence this day, this is often analyzing with profound implications for the long run.

"Any reader will delight in the fresh mixture of thought and element to be stumbled on right here. including their collaborators Body-Gendrot and Spierenburg have produced a publication that are meant to be learn by way of students, scholars and anyone drawn to how violence transcends countries and cultures."

H.V. Savitch
Brown and Williamson exotic study Professor
The college of Louisville

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Download E-books The American Frontier: An Archaeological Study of Settlement Pattern and Process (Studies in historical archaeology) PDF

By Kenneth E. Lewis

The yankee Frontier: An Archaeological learn of payment trend and method specializes in basic ideas or legislation for the evolution of all agrarian frontiers, emphasizing those who are increasing. a number of frontiers is usually mentioned as well as the agrarian kind to pinpoint similarities and transformations.
Organized into eleven chapters, this publication first elucidates the techniques of frontier colonization, after which describes the frontier version hired for the translation of documentary and fabric proof for the exam of the advance of South Carolina frontier. a few chapters then specialize in the exam of South Carolina's colonial prior when it comes to the version to figure out its measure of conformity with the latter and to set the degree for the archaeological learn; the improvement of archaeological hypotheses; and a attention of the fabric checklist. different sorts of frontiers are characterised by way of separate developmental procedures, and a number of other of those are mentioned in bankruptcy 10 as avenues for additional study.
This booklet might be precious to students in numerous fields, together with heritage, geography, and anthropology. ancient archaeologists will locate it in particular important in designing learn in former colonial components and in modeling extra sorts of frontier swap.

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Download E-books Historical Dictionary of the Kurds (Historical Dictionaries of People and Cultures, No. 1) PDF

By Michael M. Gunter

This is often the 1st quantity within the historic Dictionaries of individuals and Cultures sequence. It offers with the Kurds, the biggest state on the earth with out its personal self sufficient kingdom. inclusive of maps, a listing of acronyms and abbreviations, a chronology of Kurdish heritage, an introductory essay at the Kurds, a dictionary containing numerous hundred entries on quite a few elements of the Kurdish adventure, and an in depth bibliography. students, executive officers, information media, and the final reader will locate this an obtainable advisor.

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Download E-books My Pen and My Soul Have Ever Gone Together: Thomas Paine and the American Revolution (Studies in American Popular History and Culture) PDF

The 1st real highbrow biography of Thomas Paine, this booklet establishes the origins of his ideals and their impression on his activism. For the earlier century, students were learning Paine in piecemeal style; reports of constrained scope occupied with the trivialities of Paine's existence and profession, yet no transparent portrait had existed to understand how the items geared up jointly. This "is" the whole photo. Who he was once, what he believed, why he believed, and the way his ideals and private background are mirrored in his political activism - not only within the American Revolution, but in addition the French Revolution.

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Download E-books Historical Dictionary of Libya - Fouth Edition PDF

By Ronald Bruce St John

The good Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, by and large often called Libya, rests at the outer edge of 3 worlds: Arab, African, and Mediterranean. Libya's strategic position, mixed with its oil wealth and progressive management, have stored this remoted, carefully populated nation within the headlines for far of the final 4 decades.The Fourth version of the ancient Dictionary of Libya offers a lot wanted cultural, least expensive, old, geographical, and political standpoint at the outdated in addition to the hot Libya. greater than one-quarter of the data herein is solely new or considerably revised and up-to-date because the issuance of the final variation. via its maps, an inventory of acronyms, a chronology, an introductory essay, its entire bibliography, and 1000s of cross-referenced dictionary entries at the most vital occasions, locations, personalities, and concepts, this reference covers every little thing from the Arab conquest of the world over twelve centuries to the kingdom of the rustic after the September Revolution and the dominance of the Qaddafi regime.

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Download E-books Edwin Rogers Embree: The Julius Rosenwald Fund, Foundation Philanthropy, and American Race Relations (Philanthropic and Nonprofit Studies) PDF

By Alfred Perkins

One of the main influential philanthropists of the early twentieth century, Edwin Rogers Embree used to be the scion of generations of abolitionists and integrationists. He ably served the Rockefeller origin and whilst Julius Rosenwald created a starting place for his philanthropic task, he known as on Embree to be its head. The Rosenwald Fund is better identified for developing greater than 5,300 colleges for rural black groups within the South. within the Nineteen Forties, Embree turned extra individually engaged with race kinfolk within the U.S. He chaired Chicago’s fee on Race family members, helped create Roosevelt university, and used to be co-founder of the yank Council on Race relatives. overdue in existence, Embree was once president of the Liberian beginning, dedicated to bettering healthiness and schooling in Africa’s oldest republic.

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