Download E-books Assimilation and Acculturation in Seventeenth-Century Europe: Roussillon and France, 1659-1715 (Contributions to the Study of World History) PDF

By David Stewart

The province of Roussillon used to be obtained by way of France in 1659, simply as Louis XIV reached his majority. The area used to be peopled through Catalans, a gaggle with their very own language, non secular values, political traditions, and cultural styles. Louis XIV and his ministers sought to complete ambitions within the province. First they desired to compel the Roussillonnais to simply accept French political supremacy as valid, and moment they wanted to get rid of the Catalan cultural id within the province. This learn examines the ability during which the French selected to pursue their objectives, and the equipment of resistance hired via the population of Roussillon. It concludes with an exam of why the French eventually did not acculturate the province regardless of their good fortune in announcing their political authority.

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Download E-books Louis XVI and the French Revolution, 1789-1792 PDF

By Dr Ambrogio A. Caiani

The adventure, and failure, of Louis XVI's short-lived constitutional monarchy of 1789-1792 deeply motivated the politics and process the French Revolution. The dramatic breakdown of the political payment of 1789 urged the French kingdom into the decidedly stormy waters of political terror and conflict on a virtually international scale. This e-book explores how the symbolic and political practices which underpinned conventional Bourbon kingship eventually succumbed to the novel problem posed by way of the Revolution's new 'proto-republican' tradition. whereas such a lot earlier reviews have interested by Louis XVI's genuine and imagined international counterrevolutionary plots, Ambrogio A. Caiani examines the king's hitherto missed family actions in Paris. Drawing on formerly unexplored archival resource fabric, Caiani offers another examining of Louis XVI during this interval, arguing that the monarch's symbolic behaviour and the service provider of his day-by-day actions and private loved ones have been crucial components within the people's expanding alienation from the newly confirmed constitutional monarchy.

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Download E-books Massacre at the Champ de Mars (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series) PDF

By David Andress

On 17 July 1791 the progressive nationwide shield of Paris opened fireplace on a crowd of protesters: electorate believing themselves patriots attempting to shop France from the reinstatement of a traitor king. To the nationwide defend and their political superiors the protesters have been the dregs of the folks, brigands paid through counter-revolutionary aristocrats. Politicians and newshounds declared the nationwide shield the patriots, and their motion a heroic defence of the fledgling structure. below the Jacobin Republic of 1793, even if, this "massacre" used to be considered as a excessive crime, a second of fact during which a corrupt elite uncovered its treasonable designs. This designated examine of the occasions of July 1791 and their antecedents seeks to appreciate how Parisians of alternative sessions understood "patriotism", and the way it was once that their various solutions drove them to confront one another at the Champ de Mars. David Andress is Professor of recent background on the tuition of Social, ancient and Literary reports, college of Portsmouth.

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Download E-books Locarno Revisited: European Diplomacy 1920-1929 (Cass Series--Diplomats and Diplomacy) PDF

This selection of essays examines eu politics and international relations within the Twenties, with specified emphasis at the Treaty of Locarno of 1925, usually visible because the 'real' peace treaty on the finish of the 1st global War.
Contributors talk about the international relations of the main international locations that signed the Treaty of Locarno in 1925 and examine the problems of maximum significance to the learn of ecu background within the Nineteen Twenties. additionally they investigate even if the treaty will be obvious because the 'real' peace treaty with Germany on the finish of the 1st global conflict. Key chapters comprise: Locarno, Britain and the safety of Europe; Locarno: Early try of Fascist Intentions; Locarno and the Irrelevance of Disarmament.
'Locarno international relations' intended various things to every of the international locations concerned. the shortcoming of contemporaries to reach at a operating consensus approximately what the treaty was once meant to accomplish weakened it and lead the way for its destruction. not like the Paris Peace convention, despite the fact that, the Treaty of Locarno and the period of international relations to which it gave its identify, weren't consistently noticeable as incorrect. till 1945, they have been held up as one of many excessive issues of eu international relations within the Nineteen Twenties. This e-book asks if it is nonetheless applicable to under-rate the significance of the Treaty of Locarno

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Download E-books Napoleon: A Biographical Companion (Biographical Companions) PDF

By David Nicholls

This illustrated A–Z encyclopedia presents easy accessibility to information regarding the emperor Napoleon. Over three hundred entries conceal major occasions, humans, and different subject matters equivalent to the imperative Napoleonic campaigns, the entire significant battles together with Waterloo and Austerlitz, Napoleon's most crucial generals and marshals, Josephine de Beauharnais, and the Napoleonic Code. Napoleon additionally comprises basic resource files, a convenient chronology of key occasions, a bibliography, and an index.

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Download E-books Panzer IV Vs Char B1 Bis: France 1940 (Duel 33) PDF

By Steven Zaloga, Richard Chasemore

The conflict of France in 1940 concerned the 1st large-scale tank-against-tank battles in historical past. the large clashes at Stonne, Hannant, and Gembloux concerned hundreds and hundreds of tanks on either side, but have pale from reminiscence as a result of enormity of the French defeat. This e-book examines of the most appropriate opposing tanks of the Wehrmacht and the French military, the German PzKpfw IV and the French Char B1 bis. With an entire historical past of the layout, improvement, and deployment of those armored scuffling with cars, the tale of those nice battles is dropped at lifestyles in a hugely illustrated layout.

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Download E-books Figurationen Des Staates in Deutschland Und Frankreich 1870-1945. Les Figures de L'Etat En Allemagne Et En France (Pariser Historische Studien) (German Edition) PDF

Der Staat ist ein zentraler geschichts- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Topos in Deutschland wie in Frankreich. In der vergleichenden Forschung zu beiden Ländern taucht er hingegen so intestine wie nicht auf. Der vorliegende Band zielt auf diese Lücke. Er vereint aktuelle Forschungen zur Geschichte des Staates in Deutschland und Frankreich von 1870 bis 1945, zu jener section, in der nicht nur der Staat als regulierender Faktor der Gesellschaft, sondern auch die Wissenschaft vom Staat ihre größte Entfaltung in der Moderne erfuhren. Neben vergleichenden stehen einander "kreuzende" Beiträge, die Texte deutscher Autoren über Frankreich und französischer Autoren über Deutschland enthalten.

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Download E-books France and Women, 1789-1914: Gender, Society and Politics PDF

France and girls, 1789-1914 is the 1st publication to provide an authoritative account of women's heritage in the course of the 19th century. James McMillan, writer of the seminal paintings Housewife or Harlot, bargains a massive reinterpretation of the French prior with regards to gender all through those tumultuous a long time of revolution and war.
This booklet offers a difficult dialogue of the standards which made French political tradition so profoundly sexist and particularly, it indicates that a number of the myths approximately growth and emancipation linked to modernisation and the arriving of mass politics don't withstand shut scrutiny. It additionally finds the conservative nature of the republican left and of the ingrained trust all through french society that girls may still stay in the family sphere. James McMillan considers the function performed by way of French women and men within the politics, tradition and society in their state during the 1800s.

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Download E-books Voltaire in Love (New York Review Books Classics) PDF

By Nancy Mitford

The inimitable Nancy Mitford’s account of Voltaire’s fifteen-year dating with the Marquise du Châtelet—the popular mathematician who brought Isaac Newton’s progressive new physics to France—is a lively romp within the corporation of 2 notable members in addition to an erudite and gossipy advisor to French excessive society in the course of the Enlightenment. Mitford’s tale is as scrumptious because it is complex. The marquise was once in love with one other mathematician, Maupertuis, whereas she had an unforeseen rival for Voltaire’s affections sooner or later Frederick the nice of Prussia (and later within the philosophe’s personal niece). there has been, no less than, no jealous husband to take care of: the Marquis du Châtelet, Mitford assures us, behaved completely. The beau monde of Paris was once, even though, distraught on the thought of the fans’ superb dialog going to waste at the windswept hills of Champagne, web site of the Château de Cirey, the place experimental laboratories, a darkroom, and a library of greater than twenty-one thousand volumes enabled them to pursue their amours philosophiques. now and then the specter of drawing close arrest may ship Voltaire scurrying around the border into Holland, yet his irrepressible charm—and the interventions of strong friends—always made it attainable for him resume his reports with the loved marquise.

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